The Benedictine Abbey of Sant Quirze de Colera stands in the heart of the Valley of la riera de Sant Quirze, in the heart of the serra de l'albera or Leocarcari as mentioned in the middle ages. The Church of the monastery, dedicated to Sant Quirze, San Andres and San Benito in the 10th century, it was built over a Paleochristian Church of s. VIII.
The Abbey is a clear example of how the cultivation of the vineyard becomes a symbol of civilization and Christianization of the region of the Empordà. After years of problems including the fall of the Roman Empire, the attempt of Muslim and Visigoth occupation organization, the monastic orders begins a new era in the wine-growing culture, breakwater and organizing the territory by planting new vines, and initiating new relationships of possession between the ecclesiastical and the peasantry class up. The Benedictines, Cistercians and the carthusians, among others, will be in charge of giving a boost to viniviticultura in throughout Europe, by modifying the territory, generating new and better forms of cultivation of the vines and extending the knowledge of the vinification process. His work is the basis of wine that we know today.
The Benedictine order was basic to the survival of viticulture during the dark years of the early middle ages. According to the same Saint Benedict, the portion of daily drink recommended by the monks had to be a "emina" (medieval measure around the 0273), even though that margin to see more if the work or the heat of the summer, require a higher ration. But in any case recommended to see ad nauseam, but in moderation, as the "wine makes withdrew even the wise". Ora et Labora, the basic rules of these congregations do that around the monasteries and other religious centres, established monastic vineyards, necessary to the Christian liturgy and the diet of the monks, choosing sites for the implementation of new monasteries such as among those most suitable for the cultivation of the vine. Even the Bishops will be called "pater vinearum": father of wines. From these centers of wine production will promote a series of contracts with the farmers to work the possessions of monasteries, which went with it, in most cases, the payment in grapes or wine.
Sant Quirze de Colera became one of the most important political and religious centres of the territory altempordanès. The monastery came to have large properties in the Albera mountain range, in the County of Besalú and Vallespir, perelada, in Roussillon. So much was so in the 13th century the Abbey played an important role in the conflict between the French King Philip the bold and Peter the great. A few years later King James of Majorca attacked again the Abbey causing great damage to the monastery. This prompted the war past the military character to the set, with its defensive towers, the moat and the great wall that surrounds it. From the 15th century the Abbey started its decline, until the 16th century the Abbot of Besalu, owner of Sant Quirze de Colera, cedes the monastery to the family that Nouvilas the vineyards. exploded Mallol In 1994 his descendants sold the whole building in a semi ruin to the City Council of Rabós for a symbolic price of 1000 pesetas.
In the valley up to the monastery even today you can find vines Carignan well accustomed to the tramuntana mountains. These grow among large oak trees and cows of the Albera, autochthonous of the left around 400 specimens, living in semillibertat grazing meadows and forests of the area.
The Oliveda Group produces a red wine, powerful, and complex of the grapes from these vineyards, which have decided to make a tribute to the importance of the Abbey of Sant Quirze: the Furot of the monastery. If you can, such as advise, marideu it with a good wild boar civet and help to control the population of these bugs that much damage made to growers in the area.